STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI PRODI D3 KEBIDANAN UNIVERSITAS TULUNGAGUNG

  • ernawati tri handayani Universitas Tulungagung
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Keywords: status gizi, anemia, kehamilan

Abstract

ABSTRAK
Anemia pada kehamilan kejadiannya masih cukup tinggi di dunia. WHO melaporkan tahun
2005 ibu hamil mengalami anemia sebanyak 52 % (WHO, 2005). Anemia pada kehamilan di
Indonesia sendiri juga menunjukkan angka 37,1 (Balitbangkes, 2013). Gizi kurang dan
kurangnya perhatian pola makan pada ibu hamil menjadi penyebab anemia devisiensi besi di
Indonesia (Saifuddin, 2006). Tujuan penelitian mengetahui status gizi ibu hamil dengan
anemia.
Jenis penelitian analitik dengan Populasi seluruh ibu hamil sebanyak 42 orang dengan tehnik total
sampling. Analisis univariat berupa presentasi dan Analisa bivariat dengan chi square.
Hasil penelitian status gizi tidak normal (61,90%), kejadian anemia (52,38%). Terdapat
hubungan antara status gizi ibu hamil dengan anemia dengan nilai p = 0,001 lebih kecil dari
nilai   0,05 .
Kesimpulan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara status gizi ibu hamil dengan anemia. Untuk
meningkatkan status gizi pada ibu hamil, upaya yang perlu dilakukan dengan melakukan
penyuluhan dan sosialisasi tentang kebutuhan nutrisi selama kehamilan.

ABSTRACT
Anemia in pregnancy is still quite high in the world. WHO reported that in 2005 pregnant
women had anemia as much as 52% (WHO, 2005). Anemia in pregnancy in Indonesia itself
also shows the number 37.1 (Balitbangkes, 2013). Inadequate nutrition and lack of attention
to diet in pregnant women are the causes of iron deficiency anemia in Indonesia (Saifuddin,
2006). The research objective was to determine the nutritional status of pregnant women with
anemia.
This type of analytic research with a population of all pregnant women as many as 42 people
with total sampling technique. Univariate analysis in the form of presentation and bivariate
analysis with chi square.
The results of the study were abnormal nutritional status (61.90%), the incidence of anemia
(52.38%). There is a relationship between the nutritional status of pregnant women and
anemia with a p value = 0.001 which is smaller than the value.
In conclusion, there is a relationship between the nutritional status of pregnant women and
anemia. To improve the nutritional status of pregnant women, efforts need to be made by
providing counseling and socialization about nutritional needs during pregnancy.

Published
2019-01-01
How to Cite
ernawati tri handayani. (2019). STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI PRODI D3 KEBIDANAN UNIVERSITAS TULUNGAGUNG. Kebidanan, 9(1), 1-5. Retrieved from https://journal.unita.ac.id/index.php/bidan/article/view/254